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Nasca lines origin Print E-mail

In 1957, Cieza de Leon, made the first reference to those figures.


Toribio Mejia Xesspe
rediscovers the Lines for the scientific world in 1927. Mejia Xesspe said that there were “Seques” or  sacred roads. The research is followed by Paul Kosok(1929), who consider them Centers of Ceremony and cult.


The mathematician Maria Reiche, influenced Paul Kosok, the hypothesis was that those figures had an astronomic meaning.

The first serious study in the field, after five seasons of work, was made by the team of Reindel e Isla. These archaeologists documented and did the excavation of more than 650 deposits, they achieved to make a history of the culture that originates those draws.

The water supply placed and important role in this region. The excavations have shown small cavities in those figures, there have been found religious offerings of agricultural products and animals (most of them marines).
Those figures probably were part of a ritual whose finality was the invocation of water. Besides, there were found stakes, cords and small figures. Those simple elements were useful to draw those figures.

We should also remember that this is one of the dryer areas in the world.Thus, it favors the conservations of these figures.
If we see them close enough, they become in simple furrows in the ground. The geological characteristics of the pampas are adequate to get a visible result. The surface is composed by a layer of pebble of a reddish color caused by oxidation that covers other of a clear yellowish. The nazcas  retired stones that were on the top and followed a drawing made previously with stakes joined by cords, from a  model on smaller  scale and using  a little of geometry. The rocks that were put away were stocked in small burial mound that still are conserved. The method of work has been   reconstructed completely from evidences gathered by archeological expeditions.


Hypothesis
It does not exist a probed thesis about the origin and function of the lines, some of the hypothesis are mention below.

  • The doctor Maria Reiche, who assisted to Kosok, said that the Nasca culture used these lines to mark different momentums of an astronomic calendar that would allow to determine dates and seasons.
    Even though this is one of the most famous hypotheses, the time eliminated it as the key to solve the enigma that encloses the nasca lines. We should remember that the astronomer Gerald Hawkins, with the help of computers weakness the theory of Maria  Reich because he didn’t find enough correlation between lines and the position of the stars.
  • One of those suggest that the Nascas made religious ceremonies in different time of the year, for them, their world runs surrounded by believes and customs of religious character. On the other hand, the historian Maria Rostworowski, who based in chronics from the colony, argument that the draws in the desert were the representation of the different Nasca lineages, in fact the goal would be that the draw could be seen from the sky. The God Kon, known as the Flying God, may have had the privilege to see the designs. The draws showed to the Nasca the way to their land, where ceremonies and ritual sacrifices wait   for them. This would avoid the Flying God passed on the sky leaving the city sunk in drought. The myth of The Kon God; the mayor divinity of the Nascas and Paracas was initiated in the Coast, no in the Andes, because of the characteristics (desert) of the zone  in a time where barely we could see  hydraulic works and where the drought was common in  the cost areas. Other evidences: The Chronicles written by Lopez de Gomara, Zarate y Guiterrez said that Nasca was a rich and fertile region. Because of that, the citizens stopped to brought offerings to their God, who angry and offended, punished them and left them without water and few rivers. As a manner to show regret, the priests and faithful, instead of building a temple in his honor, decided draw pictures on the ground that could be seen by their God, who could see those because of his ability to fly.
  • On the other hand, the other lines form slots that could be sacred roads used by priests. The findings of ceramics in those roads support these ideas. To this respect, the studies of the research Helaine Silverman, express that the draws and figures could be an “empty” ceremonial center, different from the urban. There were not many people, if not any, but during certain time of the year they met there for their ceremonies. This hypothesis  is supported because there were not found rest of domestic areas or residential structures.
  • Given that the lines can be seen only from certain altitude, there are theories that said that the nascas could flight in some way. This theory is partially supported by some pieces of ceramic of that time that have draws that resemble comets and balloons. Jim Woodman and Julian Nott tried to demonstrate that theory and built an aerostatic balloon using natural elements available by the Nascas and following the draws of the ceramic pieces. The balloon that had the shape of and inverted pyramid, ascended on November 23, 1975 reaching an altitude of 130 meters. From that altitude they could see the draws, but the balloon deflated and descended abruptly. Luckily, both survived.
  • Finally, after five years of geologic studies, the hydrologist Stephen Mabbe and the archaeologist Donald Proulx, proposed a new theory. They affirm that the Nasca lines could be signals of underground water sources .The hypothesis is supported by no less than five cases in which they  discovered the coincidence between draws and subterranean aquatic deposits. Moreover, the analysis of the water indicates to be of high quality and good for human consumption. However, the research continues because more data is required to confirm a direct relation between the draws, the water and its utilization.
  • Erich Von Däniken in his book "La Respuesta de los Dioses" (The answer of the Gods), exposes a theory a little risky: the lines are signals for UFOS and the roads could serve for the landed of their transports.
  • Other people, in a similar line, suggest that the lines could be a record message by the ET that people from earth should decipher.