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The Nasca Culture Print E-mail

Dios KonCenter of one of the biggest civilizations of the antique Peru, the nasca culture was developed by the year 100 A.C. to 600 A.C.  , in the actual territory of the department of Ica. It reach  by the North until the province of  Ca√Īete (Lima) and by the South until the province of Caraveli (Arequipa) an reaching the high areas of Ayacucho. It covered a big area that what usually people imagine.

It was Max Uhle who started the researches about this culture, writing  his first memorandum document in 1906, it was based on 25  tombs (nasca type), that were found in Ocucaje in 1901.

Nasca left a simple of its great develop through the famous Nasca Lines, Citadel Cahuachi, the fine polychrome ceramic and the aqueducts. The nasca civilization adored the God Kon (creator of the world) and other  minor divinities like the  deity of the wind and water.

The decadence happens by the year 600 A.C. .It is believed that the desert quickly expanded through Nasca and that the most important center of Nasca(Cahuachi)lost its religiosity.

Politic and Social Organization

Nasca was divided in valleys with establishments in the extremes that had its own authority which was the minister. The elite lived in pyramidal buildings which rooms were made of adobe and the walls were covered with a layer of  plaster or lime in order to fill the cracks. The population lived in the villages or in the periphery of the city ,the homes were built putting  trunks of  carob tree that defined the walls.

The social organization of the Nasca had central authorities which were mainly ministers who had the capacity of organize the community work and lead the complex ceremonial activities. They had many handcraft men for their service, among them we can mention ceramists,  astrologists, musicians, soldiers ,textile people .They  lived in small cities and ceremonial centers like  the  complex  of Cahuachi . Farmers and fishermen were in the base of the society. They lived in diverse points of the territory. The farmers had almost the totality of the valleys in order to develop the agriculture with more space and fertile land.

Agriculture

Nascas‚Äôs economy was base  in the agriculture. The place where the water came from , is located near Nasca taking the water of the  subsoil bringing it to the city. The main cultures were : corn, kidney bean, pumpkin, yucca, peanut, chili pepper, guava, lucuma,pacae,pallar bean, and cotton, with it they developed their textiles and clothing.

Commerce

They exchange products with different cultures, building a red of commerce among Nasca, Warpa and others. With the Warpas, they exchanged products from the Andes  like potatoes and wool, feathers from the jungle (for their fabric) , were  exchanged for fish, cotton, and perhaps their ceramic.

Technology

Technology was developed mainly  in the agricultural area since Nasca is a place where there is almost no rain, they build aqueducts, channels and  wells  supplying the land and reservoirs with water.
Antonio Raimondi said: "There is subterranean  water  in  Nasca , but it is in a  depth of 4 to 5 meters, so it cannot be used to water land. The river usually has water during 40 days in a year. That means that for more than 10 months, Nasca  could lack  water. However, because of the works made by the Indians, Nasca had water.